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Sunday, September 29 • 11:45am - 12:20pm
Regulatory Policies in Relation to Metrics and Data Collection for Measuring the Emergent Internet

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The Internet is currently in a major process of change and transformation. It is moving away from a basic model of layered architecture to a modular architecture (Garud, Kumaraswamy et al. 2003) (Clark 2004) (Fransman 2010) (Yoo 2010) with integrated provisioning of digital services and products to users. Furthermore traffic volumes and asymmetry of traffic information available for analysis makes it difficult to gain a full overview of and understand these changes (Liebenau, Elaluf-Calderwood et al. 2012) (Hallingby, Hartviksen et al. 2012). Hence studying the Internet as a whole is difficult, and there are many issues with data collection, with the academic and commercial literature providing plenty of references to such problems. The analysis is made even more complicated when trying to address medium and long-term sustainability of the telecom and Internet industries (Yoo 2012).

Value creation and capturing is a growing challenge to the Internet ecosystem stakeholders, seeking to re-innovate a sustainable system. Hence the Internet changes the actions of national and regional regulators. Regulators are normative acting on behalf of consumers and ensuring adequate investments in society critical infrastructure (FCC 2011). Their goals are to provide mediation using competition laws and rules as the recent French case Cogent vs. France Telecom shows (ARCEP 2012). This is particularly due to fast convergence of the Internet and telecom. The transforming state of the Internet has led many regulators around the world to make efforts to collect data for such regulatory purposes but with variable degree of success. Thus measuring the Internet remains a huge challenge, and we will suggest some ways forward in this paper.

Norway is a relatively small country ?in the world of the Internet? (Hallingby and Erdal 2011). However the size and other aspects of the Nordic culture (e.g. openness to accountability, sense of community at all levels of society) have created an environment in which the national regulator NPT has multiple sources of data (NPT 2012b), and also with correlated Internet data that are collected by diverse institutions. This has resulted in a clear and well explained ability to describe the Norwegian Internet (Hallingby, Erdal 2011). There is also a culture of regulatory pro-active engagement with changes to the earliest emerging of issues e.g. CDNs legal forms (NPT 2012a).

This article discusses possible type of metrics required to explain the link between the Internet network measures and the Internet economic variables. First of all we are describing the emerging Internet in Norway, also indicating a more generic change. More important for the purpose of this article, we believe these metrics are very valuable to companies, users, regulators and any other stakeholders. Specifically, we show the case of Norway as an example of what type of knowledge that may be developed, how these mappings can be performed, the scope and limitations of such methodology, and how it can be used by regulatory authorities to monitor but not obstruct the development of business activities. We also review the usefulness of this type of measurement in the context of a recent regulatory analysis of CDNs in Norway.

avatar for Karen Rose

Karen Rose

Internet Society
Karen has been active across Internet technology, policy, and development for nearly 20 years, including prior roles in Internet start-ups, government, and management consulting. She began her career in public policy working on Internet and e-commerce issues at the U.S. Federal Communications... Read More →


Sunday September 29, 2013 11:45am - 12:20pm PDT
GMUSL Room 225

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